legend of native americans indians

legend of native americans indians

1766 until early Amerindians

According to the scientist, the arrival Vaques by successive small groups of nomadic hunters from the steppes of Asia, is the cause of settlement of the continent there are about 50,000 years.

S 'based on the results of archaeological excavations, it is believed a long period of glaciation would have crossed the Bering Strait. The latter "is shallow and the distance between the two continents being then 80 km, this hypothesis is plausible. Moreover, the bed is being drained of Detroit, he offered a wide passage that the ancestor of American Indians have even borrowed a dry foot.

These arrivals courageous, determined and persevering have been guided by the animals they have in a lot and led the way on which they lived. Over the millennia, they have ventured even further, thus filling the territory of the Americas.
Every nation has adopted and perfected his lifestyle, evolving according to a close dependence on the environment. These people have taken root within the lands bordering seas, highlands, valleys or plains

50 000 - 25 000 years BC
Aboriginal arrival from Asia, then connected to America by an ice bridge.

8000 BC. J.C.
Establishment of the first Aboriginal in the lowlands of the St. Lawrence.

5500 BC. J.C.
Inuit arrived in the Far North.

4000 BC. J.C.
Occupation of northern Quebec and Labrador by Inuit.

Beginning of the formation of the Confederation of Huron-Wendat Nation, the country of Wendake, on the shores of Georgian Bay.

Christopher Columbus landed on the coast of America, as he seeks a way to go to India. It gives the name of the Aboriginal Indians he met.

Aboriginal people living along the coast of northeastern America have contacts with Basques, Bretons, Normans, Spaniards, Portuguese, English or Irish who come to fish for cod and wolf-hunt marine.
Inuit contact with early explorers who seek route from Asia to the North.

The browser Cortereal navigates the Gulf of St. Lawrence and capture Aboriginal it back to Europe.

French, Thomas Aubert sailed into the Gulf of St. Lawrence and seizes it back to Aboriginal Europe.

The St. Malo navigator Jacques Cartier made his first trip to America. He is greeted by Mi'kmaq in the Maritimes and Gaspé Iroquois where he "took possession" of the country on behalf of the King of France. It brings the two chief's son with him to France Donacona

Second voyage of Jacques Cartier sailed up the river, meets the Innu-Montagnais of Tadoussac,  Journey to Hochelaga, and spends the winter in Stadacona Iroquois.

Third and last voyage of Jacques Cartier.

Roberval attempted settlement along the St. Lawrence.

Founding of the League of Five Nations Iroquois.

Chauvin The French founded an establishment at Tadoussac at the mouth of the Saguenay River, a place frequented by Aboriginal communities for many years.

Champlain sailed up the St. Lawrence at Tadoussac, meet the Innu-Montagnais, Algonquin, Maliseet with whom he signed the first treaty of military alliance and trade between Aboriginal people and Europeans ..

Champlain allies with the Huron-Wendat and made an offensive against the Iroquois.


Creation of Nieuw Netherland Company in New Holland

Missionaries arrived in Quebec Recollects came to "convert" the Indians.

Champlain spent the Winter with the Huron-Wendat, the country of Wendake, and missionaries settled there.

Champlain made a covenant of general peace and trade with the Iroquois, the Huron-Wendat and other allied nations.

Jesuits made their arrival in New France.

Purchase of Manhattan Island to the Dutch company Manhattes West Indies for the price of 60 guilders, the value of ten beaver skins. This act represents the first recognition of Aboriginal land rights in North America.

Created by Richelieu Company of One Hundred Associates to whom the king of France concedes, for commercial purposes, the whole territory of New France and Acadia. The company operates until 1645.

The Jesuits opened a mission at Sillery near Quebec and install the first reserve (savings) Indian in Canada, according to a model borrowed from the Jesuits of Paraguay where they try to "reduce" the Indians (the Younger). In 1645, some 167 Aboriginal people live there, but. in 1649, due to starvation, it is deserted.

Half the population of the Huron-Wendat of Wendake countries has already succumbed to smallpox epidemics.

Signing of a peace treaty, in Three Rivers, between the French, the Iroquois, the Huron-Wendat, Innu-Atikamekw and Montagnais.


Beginning of the first Iroquois war lasting until 1653.

The Iroquois destroy the country Wendake and destroy almost completely the Huron-Wendat people.  Other Iroquoian nations, such Petun, in 1650, the Neutrals, and Erie in 1650-1651, in 1656, will in turn decimated.

A group of 300 Huron-Wendat, survivors of the Iroquois wars, settled in the Quebec region.

The Iroquois made war on the territory of Atikamekw.
The Iroquois tribes to make war Innu-Montagnais.

The Iroquois are the undisputed masters of the entire North-Eastern America.

The Huron-Wendat moved into the reserve (reduction) of Ancienne-Lorette.


A truce occurs in the war between the French and the Iroquois.

Smallpox caused thousands of deaths among the Indians of Canada.

Iroquois War III.

Treaties of "silver chain" in Albany on the Hudson River, between the Dutch and the Iroquois League of Five Nations. The chain says the American peace from 1677 to 1755.

Land was granted to the Jesuits by the King for the benefit of the Iroquois in the seigniory of Sault St. Louis. (Kahnawake).

Signing of a peace treaty between the French and the Iroquois.

The Iroquois attacked the village of Lachine.

The end of the Iroquois wars with the signing of the Treaty of Peace of Montreal between the Iroquois, the Huron-Wendat, Innu-Montagnais, Ottawas, Abenakis and French.

The Jesuits founded the mission Abenaki Wôlinak.

The French, by the Treaty of Utrecht gives Nova Scotia, the island of Newfoundland and Hudson Bay to the British.

The Iroquois settled at Oka on land reserved for Indians and administered by the Sulpicians.

The British signed a treaty with the Six Nations Iroquois Iroquois territory that delimits.

The British concluded treaties of peace and friendship with the various tribes, the Micmacs, living along the Atlantic coast.

The British signed treaties of peace and friendship with the Mi'kmaq in the Maritimes and the Abenaki of New England.

The British signed treaties of peace and friendship with different tribes living in Nova Scotia. In order to neutralize them or seek their assistance in the event of conflict between the colonies of France and England.

The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle

The British confirmed the rights of hunting and fishing of the Micmac of the east coast and ratify the Treaty of 1725.

The Iroquois at the Albany conference, the British get a guarantee of protection of their lands.

England created the Department of Indian Affairs who reports to the British military administration.

The British captured New France

Maritime Aboriginal nations, including the Micmac, renew the treaty provisions

1725 and 1749
Sir William Johnson, on behalf of the British government, signed in early August, the Treaty of Swegatchy, under which the Indian allies of the French withdrew from the war of conquest and guarantee their neutrality in return for compliance of the old agreements made with the French, liberty of movement, the practice of religious and traditional activities.

The act of capitulation of Montreal was signed September 8, 1760 in the presence of General Jeffrey Amherst. This act protects Indian lands and the maintenance of their properties, the right of religion, freedom of movement.

The chief of the tribe of Ottawa, Pontiac, led the uprising of the Three Fires Confederacy against the English.

A series of 24 treaties are signed between the government and Aboriginal groups in order to free the land title to Indian whose existence was implied in the Royal Proclamation.

The Treaty of Oswego which terminates the failed uprising of the Confederacy of Three Fires led by Pontiac. <

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