LES SIOUX,THE SIOUX
La grande nation Sioux
Les Sioux vivent dans les plaines du nord, incluant les Dakotas du Nord et du Sud, le Nebraska, le Wyoming et le sud du Montana.
Le nom Sioux (prononcer SOU) vient d'une transcription française du nom Nadouessioux, ce nom était donné aux Sioux par leurs voisins et ennemis, les Algonquins. Ce mot veut dire "petits serpents" c'est à dire, petits ennemis s. Les Sioux s'appellent eux-même Dakota, Lakota, Nakota, qui veut dire dans leur dialecte "les alliés'. Ces noms viennent des différents endroits où ils vivaient à l'origine. Les Sioux ont du quitté leur terre natale de l'Est, chassé de leur territoire par les tribus plus puissantes. Ils apparaissent dans les récits pour la première fois en 1650 dans la région des lacs Milles et Leech a proximité du Mississipi, dans le Minnesota. Les frontières de leur nouveau territoire étant à un jour de marche du Lac Supérieur. Le langage sioux est parlé en 3 principaux dialectes, le Santee à l'est, Le Yankton au centre, et le Teton à l'ouest.
Aujourd'hui les Sioux se sont adaptés à la vie sur les réserves ou en ville. Beaucoup s'impliquent dans l'industrie du tourisme dans les deux états Dakota.
THE GREAT SIOUX NATION
Dakota, Nakota, Lakota
The Sioux live in the northern plains, including North Dakota and South, Nebraska, Wyoming and southern Montana.
The name Sioux (pronounced SOU) is a transcription Nadouessioux French name, this name was given to the Sioux by their neighbors and enemies, the Algonquins. This word means "little snakes" that is, small enemies s. The Sioux called themselves Dakota, Lakota, Nakota, meaning in their dialect "allies." These names come from different places where they originally lived.
The Sioux language is spoken in three main dialects, the Santee to the east, the center Yankton, and Teton to the west.
The Sioux were forced to leave their homeland in the East, driven from their land by more powerful tribes. They appear in the accounts for the first time in 1650 in the Lake and Leech Miles near the Mississippi, Minnesota. The boundaries of their new territory is to one day walk to Lake Superior.
Under pressure from the Ojibway warriors were among the first to obtain firearms, the Sioux have moved again to the west, driving before them the Cheyenne, Omaha, Crow and other smaller tribes. They quickly overran the whole western and south-west following the acquisition of horses and guns. Around 1750, they crossed the Mississippi River and invaded the Black Hills. In 1805, before the start of the various treaties, they had a territory extending from central Wisconsin to Wyoming, including the famous Black Hills (in South Dakota). Their new territory in the north extending to the Canadian border north of the present city of Platte. The Sioux nation was not a compact nation with a central government and one leader at its head, but a confederation of seven sub-allied tribes speaking the same language. Each tribe had a chief and again was divided into bands or villages which, in turn, each headed by a chief. On their original land to the east, the Sioux subsisted by fishing, small game hunting, harvesting wild rice and was expert in handling the boat. But starting in the west, and the acquisition of the horse, their lifestyle changed completely, they became a tribe of nomadic horsemen who depended mainly on the bison. They were warriors, armed with knives, bows and arrows, spears and shields. They were never large farmers.
The arrival of white Americans who followed the trail of Louisiana brought the end of the lifestyle and the disappearance of the buffalo. The Ghost Dance (dance ghost) who claimed to bring back the buffalo and from the whites, became predominant among the Sioux who wanted to find their lifestyles of the past.
Polygamy was accepted. Unlike other tribes whose population dwindled with the arrival of the white population seems to have increased Sioux. This is mainly due to the incorporation of captives and intermarriage with whites. We do not have reliable statistics until 1849, when Governor Ramsey estimated the population Sioux to "little more than 20,000," while others felt the local authorities to 40,000 more. The official census of 1910 estimated the population in Sioux 28.628 people, including Métis.
Today the Sioux have adapted to life on reservations or in town. Many involved in the tourism industry in both states Dakota.